Nuclear States

Below is a list of states that have admitted the possession of nuclear weapons or are presumed to possess them, the approximate number of warheads under their control, and the year they tested their first weapon and their force configuration. This list is informally known in global politics as the "Nuclear Club"

Country Warheads (Deployed/Total) Date Of First Test Test Site of First Test CTBT Status Delivery Methods # Of Tests
United States 1,750 / 6,450[1] 16 July 1945 ("Trinity") Alamogordo, New Mexico Signatory[17] Nuclear triad[18] 1,054
Russia 1,600 / 6,850[1] 29 August 1949 ("RDS-1") Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan Ratifier[17] Nuclear triad[19] 715
United Kingdom 120 / 215[1] 3 October 1952 ("Hurricane") Monte Bello Islands, Australia Ratifier[17] Sea-based[20][nb 2] 45
France 280 / 300[1] 13 February 1960 ("Gerboise Bleue") Sahara, French Algeria Ratifier[17] Sea- and air-based[21][nb 3] 210
China ? / 280[1] 16 October 1964 ("596") Lop Nur, Xinjiang Signatory[17] Nuclear triad[22][23] 45
Non-NPT nuclear powers
India 12[24][citation needed] / 130–140[1] 18 May 1974 ("Smiling Buddha") Pokhran, Rajasthan Non-signatory[17] Nuclear triad[25][26][27][28] 6
Pakistan 0 / 140–150[1] 28 May 1998 ("Chagai-1") Ras Koh Hills, Balochistan Non-signatory[17] Land and air-based.[29][30] 6
North Korea 0 / 10–20[1] 9 October 2006[31] Kilju, North Hamgyong Non-signatory[17] Suspected land and sea-based.[32] 6
Undeclared nuclear powers
Israel n.a. / est. 60–400[1][33][34] 1960–1979[35] incl. suspected Vela Incident[36] Signatory[17] Suspected nuclear triad.[37][38]